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Category: Catering Equipment

Single and Three Phase Power Explained

Author Aidan
Posted On 20th August 2019

3 Phase Single Phase Power Supply

When choosing commercial catering equipment, one of the most important factors to consider is the power requirements needed to run said piece of equipment.

When dealing with electricity, there are three possible electrical connections; Standard plug fitting for anything that requires less than 13 amps of power, 1PH (single phase) or 3PH (three phase) for heavy duty applications where the load requirements are much higher. Where it is stated that a piece of equipment requirement is ‘Hardwired’, or ‘1PH’ or ‘3PH’ power, these units need to be installed by a qualified commercial electrician as they need to be wired directly into the electrical supply for the building.

Plug-in items are self-explanatory, and most people use plug-in electrical items in their domestic setting, so here we will look in more depth at the requirements for 1PH and 3PH connections:

Single Phase

As standard, most homes and businesses are fitted with a single phase electrical supply.

At home, most ovens and hobs are hardwired on a single phase supply or fitted with a 16a or 32a socket. This is also the most common supply fitted to a business. If an item is listed as requiring a ‘Single Phase Hardwired’ connection, it needs to be installed by a qualified commercial electrician directly into the electrical board, and cannot be fitted with a standard 3 pin plug.

Top Tip: Single Phase power is sometimes labelled as 1PH or 1N on some products.

Three Phase

A Three Phase supply uses three separate sources of alternating current that are arranged so that the voltage flows in a regular, repeating pattern. This means that the high power needed to run this equipment is shared over three separate connections. These three cables operate at a lower voltage, but when combined offer a much more powerful output.

These three power supplies are balanced, with each phase operating at a different degree – the result being a more stable, balanced load of electricity across the power supply.

Catering equipment that requires a constant, high electrical supply, such as a six-ring oven range often uses a three phase power supply. Electricity is needed to fuel both the oven and hob for extended periods of time, and a 1PH connection simply would not have enough electrical power to run a piece of equipment of this size.

Not all buildings have a three phase supply fitted as standard, and this can be costly to install, so it is always wise to check the connection and costs before you begin.

Top Tip: Three Phase power is sometimes labelled as 3PH or 3N on some products.

Getting the right equipment

It’s crucial to purchase the correct type of equipment to suit your power supply. Some electrical appliances are Multiphase, which means that they can run on either 13A, 1PH or 3PH supply, and just need to be connected in the right configuration. Most appliances, however, will only run on their specified power supply. Be sure to check a product for its power requirement before purchasing to ensure you have equipment that you can connect and use.

Unsure about your power supply?

If you’re unsure about what type of power supply you have, it’s worth seeking advice from a qualified electrician to ensure you have the provisions available for the equipment you need before purchasing.

How to choose the right fry pan for you

Author Aidan
Posted On 19th July 2019

A crucial tool in all kitchens, the frying pan is very versatile and can be used in the preparation and cooking of a variety of cuisines. Did you know we have over 80 different types of frying pan to choose from on our website? They vary in size, shape, material and thickness, each variation having its own benefits.

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Is your business ready for summer?

Author Aidan
Posted On 22nd May 2019

Summer Offerings Banner

With the unpredictable British weather already starting to heat up, it’s a good time to start planning your summer offerings.

2019 is set to be a hot one, with the UK already experiencing the hottest Easter weekend on record – hitting 25 degrees – it was a scorcher!

[ Read More ]

How to colour code your kitchen

Author Aidan
Posted On 11th April 2019

Colour Code Your Kitchen
A well run and organised commercial kitchen space needs to be streamlined, safe and incredibly clean. Not only to meet hygiene standards, but the exacting demands of the 21st-century consumer.

Colour coding is a crucial part in preventing cross contamination between different food types, including raw and cooked foods that could cause food poisoning.
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Roband Sycloid Toaster Demonstration

Author Aidan
Posted On 27th March 2019

Recently we were treated to some toast, demonstrated by the Roband Sycloid 5RST500A Conveyor Toaster. This product offers a number of useful features that enable toasting up to 500 slices per hour, as well as bun halves up to 30mm thick – all in one sleek and compact unit.

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Our new revamped Catering Equipment Showroom

Author Aidan
Posted On 12th November 2018

It’s refreshed and looking better than ever. Our on-site showroom features a wide range of capital catering equipment on display as well as a selection of crockery and cutlery and we’d love for you to come and take a look!

CS Catering Showroom Cafe Area [ Read More ]

Custom counters: Truly bespoke serving solutions

Author Damien Wilde
Posted On 6th September 2018

No two businesses are created equal, which is why we have done our utmost to help you separate yourself from the pack with a true plethora of catering kit, accessories and now: Custom Counter solutions.

Whilst not exactly a brand new addition to our online catalogue, we wanted to shout about the benefit of a bespoke system in your business.

Now is the perfect time to be thinking about how you’re serving your customers or the processes you follow when getting food and drinks — and we think that you should be considering a custom counter system.

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World Cup Catering Essentials!

Author Damien Wilde
Posted On 23rd June 2018
We’re now thoroughly entrenched in The World Cup, but we still have nearly 3 weeks of further football to enjoy. England vs Tunisia was the most watched event on British TV in 2018 with over 18 million people tuning in to watch the Three Lions in action. With a win already under their belt, our boy

CS Catering Equipment
CS Catering World Cup Catering Guide

We’re now thoroughly entrenched in The World Cup, but we still have nearly 3 weeks of further football to enjoy.

England vs Tunisia was the most watched event on British TV in 2018 with over 18 million people tuning in to watch the Three Lions in action.

With a win already under their belt, our boys look likely to play at least 3 more games in the tournament!

Make sure you’re ready for the St. George’s Cross adorned masses with our World Cup Catering Essentials!

Stock up now!

Not sure how to tackle the football?


We’ve also created a handy World Cup Catering Guide to help you get ready for fans of all teams.